Friday, 3 May 2013


JSC Chair Adam Mohamed Abdulla vs JSC member 158(a), Speaker Abdulla Shahid.

NOTE: This is an attempt to read local media reports from a constitutional and governance perspective, and re-frame current debates within the constitutional democratic framework. The purpose is to expose existing politics that  overshadow the real fundamental issues and provide information on the constitutional governance framework and the de facto practices that would help re-frame and re-read the "news" provided by the Judicial Service Commission.

Reading the Media

On Thursday, 2 May 2013 Haveeru reported that the High Court had scheduled the second hearing of the case, former President Mohamed Nasheed vs the Judicial Service Commission (JSC), following "a request from the JSC" to expedite the case.

In other related news, on Friday, 3 May 2013 mvyouth online reported a battle of letters between the JSC President, Supreme Court Justice Adam Mohamed Abdulla. It is reported that the Speaker Abdulla Shahid who sits on the Commission as an ex-oficio member had written a letter to the President of JSC saying the Chair cannot write to the High Court to expedite the case (former President) Mohamed Nasheed vs. the JSC. 

It is reported in mvyouth online that the "JSC President had given a rebuttal to the Speaker" in a letter defending where JSC Chair Justice Adam Mohamed Abdulla defends his own actions in sending a letter in the name of the Commission to the High Court requesting expedition of President Nasheed's trial as being first within the powers held by the Chair of Commission, and second, as being within the parameters of previous decision-making and practice in the Commission. 

The mvyouth story frames the letter from JSC member 158(a) to JSC Chair as a letter sent by "Speaker Shahid who recently joined MDP in defence of the MDP presidential candidate, Mohamed Nasheed."

It is further quoted in mvyouth online that JSC Chair, Supreme Court Justice Adam Mohamed Abdulla had continued to say that "it is hoped this letter will clarify the process of the letter that is the subject raised by the Speaker's leaving no room for suspicion or dustrust."

Sun Online reported "the Judicial Service Commission (JSC) has said that it had been approved to give the president and the secretary general of the commission the power to send letters to courts to request to expedite cases concerning the commission," and had "sent a copy of the letter, as well as a copy of the document detailing the decision made by the commission on 2 January 2012 to give the commission’s president and secretary general the power to send letters to courts to request to expedite cases, to media groups."

Sun noted that, "the letter sent to Shahid by President of JSC Adam Mohamed Abdullah states that JSC has requested the Civil Court and the Supreme Court to expedite cases filed against the commission also on several occasions in the past" and elaborated that,  "in the letter, Adam Mohamed Abdullah said that according to article 8 of the JSC Act, work shall be assigned to the commission members by the commission president. He also highlighted article 9 of the Act, which states that the Vice President of the commission shall perform the duties assigned by the President."

Re-framing the Debate.

1.      The letter from Abdulla Shahid to Adam Mohamed Abdulla, placed within the constitutional framework, is a letter from a commission member to the chair of the commission, raising concern on a matter that is in the member’s opinion is a breach of trust, an unlawful act and outside the powers vested in the Chair of the Commission. In fact, JSC president’s letter to the High Court is an act exceeding the powers of the Judicial Service Commission, and amounts to abuse of Office and trust by the JSC Chair, an attempt to influence the Court and trial.  

2.      JSC’s “news brief” quoted in the media show  the Commission confessing to acting unconstitutionally; and explaining that the Commission itself had decided to forego it’s constitutional duties and trust it to the arbitrary decisions of the Chair  and the Secretary General who is the  administrative head of the commission.  

3.      Further it is cause for serious concern that  the date of the decision referred to by the Chair of the JSC as having given  the Chair himself all the powers of the Commission and the power to act outside JSC’s  mandate is 2 January 2012; days before the 7 February 2012 coup de tat.

4.      Section 163 of the Maldives Constitution (2008)  states;  “A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum at a meeting of the Judicial Service Commission, and any decision of the Judicial Service Commission shall be taken by a majority of votes of the members present and voting. JSC does not have the power to decide another model of decision-making.

Abdulla Shahid’s letter and the response of JSC Chair Adam Mohamed Abdulla has once again shown the depth of the crisis facing the Judiciary; and the unfitness of the JSC to perform it’s Constitutional duties and functions in an independent impartial manner.

It has also highlighted the politics within JSC that has led to the nullification of Article 285 and the loss of an Independent Judiciary, and the subsequent loss of rule of law. 

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